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Newspaper Bits 27-02-2018

A compilation of Prelims and Mains related Current Affairs from various Newspapers and PIB . The points are for value addition.

OCCRP

  • The Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP) is an investigative reporting platform formed by 40 non-profit investigative centers, scores of journalists and several major regional news organizations around the globe.

Why in news ?

  • The Hindu and OCCRP have done an investigation about Senior Bank of Baroda (BoB) officials who suppressed alerts or suspicious activity reports (SARs) BoB managers.

Do not deny Insurance cover for genetic defect

  • Delhi High Court  directed the Insurance Regulatory Development Authority of India (IRDA) to have review the exclusion clauses in the insurance covers.
  • exclusionary clauses were held to be in violation of Article 14 (Right to Equality) and Article 21 (Right to Life) of the Constitution for being “too broad, ambiguous and discriminatory”.
  • The 2013 IRDA guidelines on standardization in health insurance had a specific exclusion in respect of congenital and genetic conditions without defining the term itself .
  • the 2016 guidelines which superseded the earlier guidelines had no reference to genetic disorders’ and only defined ‘congenital anomalies’.

Olive ridley turtles

  • olive ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea) are also known as the Pacific ridley sea turtle , protected under listed on Schedule – I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and is listed in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) .
  • created an all-time record of mass nesting at the Rushikulya rookery coast at the mouth of the Rushikulya river in the Ganjam district of Odisha this year.
  • turtles has not yet started on the coasts along the Gahirmatha beach and the mouth of the Debi river, two other major nesting sites in Odisha.

Crowded prisons

  • The Supreme Court has asked the National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) to provide details and figures of prisons where the occupancy rate is over 150% as on December 31, 2017.
  • The top court is hearing a matter relating to inhuman conditions prevailing in 1,382 prisons across the country.
  • court also agreed to hear issues related to standard operating procedure for Under Trial Review Committees (UTRCs)
    • The UTRCs, set up in every district, deliberates and recommends the release of undertrial prisoners and convicts who have completed their sentences or are entitled to be released from jail due to bail or remission granted to them.

Fundamental Duties 

  • Article 51A Fundamental duties
  • to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform”

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WaSH)

  • over half about 52% of rural India still defecates in the open
  • cleanliness, hygiene and sanitation can go a long way in India’s fight against not only stunting (low height for age) but also many other forms of malnutrition.
  • the difference in prevalence of open defecation in urban (7%) and rural (52%) India is large and the figures of stunting are much lower in urban children than among their rural counterparts.

The Institute of Charted Accountants of India (ICAI)

  • The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) is a statutory body established by an Act of Parliament, viz.
  •  The Chartered Accountants Act, 1949 (Act No.XXXVIII of 1949) for regulating the profession of Chartered Accountancy in the country.
  •  The Institute, functions under the administrative control of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India.

In news

  • ICAI) has said that it supports efforts to strengthen its existing disciplinary and oversight mechanism through amendments to the CA Act.
  • This  come in backdrop of allegations about the role of Chartered Accountants (CAs) in the Punjab National Bank (PNB) scam
  • ICAI has indirectly opposed the setting up of a super regulator National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA)

coal shortage

  • The daily coal stock report of 113 power plants monitored by Central Electricity Authority (CEA)
  • According to official data 46 coal-fired power plants reported stocks of less than a week.
  • six plants have coal stocks for zero day and eight plants have stocks of just one day to generate electricity
    • Central Electricity Authority (CEA) is a statutory organization under Ministry of Power

Naga society

  • Article 371A Special provision with respect to the State of Nagaland .
  • The composition, character and contents of Naga society are very different from other communities in India.
  • Naga society is characterised by sovereign village republics. Even within a tribe, no village is under the suzerainty of another. All Nagas belong to a village and our rootedness to our village is incontestable.
  • At the heart of all Naga interfaces are the decisions and directives of the traditional village parliament, the supreme decision-making body of the village.

Education : 

  • Education is the most powerful weapon which can be use to change the world: Vice President
  • If you educate a man, you educate an individual, but if you educate a woman, you educate an entire family’

Doubling farmer’s income by 2022

  • The Government is committed to the agriculture sector and has been pushing for the implementation of schemes that aims to shift priority from production-led to income-led strategy.
  • To achieve this ambitious objective,  ‘multi-dimensional seven-point’ strategy is suggested by Hon’ble Prime Minister, which includes-
    • 1. Emphasis on irrigation along with end to end solution on creation of resources for ‘More crop per drop’
    • 2. ‘Provision of quality seeds and nutrients according to the soil quality of each farm.
    • 3. Large investments in warehouses and cold chains to prevent Post-harvest losses.
    • 4. Promotion of value addition through food processing.
    • 5. Implementation of National Agricultural Markets and e-platforms (e-NAM) to eliminate shortcomings of all the 585 centers.
    • 6. To mitigate the risk, introduction of crop insurance scheme at a lower cost.
    • 7. Promotion of allied activities such as Dairy-Animal husbandry, Poultry, Bee-keeping, Medh Per Ped, Horticulture, and Fisheries.

Advance Estimates of production of major crops

  • The 2nd Advance Estimates of production of major crops for 2017-18 have been released by the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare.
  • Country witnesses record food grains production in 2017-18
    • Ttotal food grain production estimate hits record high of 277.49 million tonnes
    • Total Pulses production estimated at record 23.95 million tonnes
    • Total Oilseeds production estimate reaches 29.88 million tonnes
    • Sugarcane production estimate rises considerably to 353.23 million tonnes

National Science Day 2018

  • National Science Day (NSD)  is celebrated every year on 28 February 2018.
  • NSD is celebrated on 28th February to commemorate discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’, which led to Sir C.V. Raman winning the Noble Prize.
  • The theme of NSD-2018 is “Science and Technology for a Sustainable Future
  • Chosen for the purpose of raising public appreciation of the scientific issues involved.

Source THe Hindu, Indian express and PIB .

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